Ways to segment your target audience for effective eCommerce personalization

In the marketing arena, personalization is a term often misused for segmentation. Personalization and segmentation, while both valuable tools for marketers, couldn’t be more different.

I am going to define the two for you and then further explain their importance in eCommerce Personalization.

Segmentation – Market segmentation is the process of dividing a market of potential customers into groups, or segments, based on different characteristics. Often, these are demographic characteristics such as age, geography, gender, a favorite brand or AOV.

Personalization – Personalization consists of tailoring a service or a product to accommodate specific individuals, sometimes tied to groups or segments of individuals.

And talking about Personalization in eCommerce, it is implemented by online retailers that refers to the practice of creating personal interactions and experiences on eCommerce sites by dynamically showing content, media, or product recommendations based on browsing behavior, purchase history data, demographics and psychographics.

So, these two do go hand in hand but are not the same! The introduction of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning algorithms means it’s now possible to predict website visitors’ likes of products, categories, and brands based on similar users’ behavior. Behavioral data from every single website visitor includes views, purchases, searches and even time of day or amount spent. This data is then analyzed and relationships are then identified between different customer segments and the products that businesses sell online.

So where to start with customer segmentation?

E-commerce personalization depends on the data sources your solution can access and personalize against. There are many types of data and segmentation options available in analytics and personalization that you can use to customize with.

Below are fourteen of the most relevant segmentation options that can be used for personalization, some of which use anonymous data but others that use existing profile information.

As well as standard segmentation options like those above, you should review solutions from your provider to create and save custom segments. Most established providers should be providing an on top of which you can create your own customized segments.

Key benefits to segmentation

There are five key benefits to having a good customer segmentation when looking to improve your customer’s online experience through personalization

  1. Better match of your product or service offering to your customer’s segment needs. Creating tailor-made marketing initiatives
  2. Improve the product or services offered. Businesses can use market segmentation to identify what does work but more importantly what doesn’t work and alter accordingly
  3. Enable businesses to retain more customers by offering products that appeal to where customers are in their stage of life
  4. Allow the business to grow by upselling on customers who have responded to introductory offers
  5. Enhance business profits by targeting customers who have a propensity to have more disposable income by raising their average selling price

14 Ways To Segment Your Audience

1. Segmentation by referrer or traffic source


The places where your visitor was prior to landing on your website. An AI-based personalization system can learn which offers work best for visitors from different sites, whether referral sites, social media, direct or from paid link ads.

2. Visitor type


New visitors or returning visitors can be identified in analytics and in personalization systems. This is a commonly used technique for personalization, for example, offering new visitors a discount on the first purchase or creating welcoming rewards for repeat purchasers.

3. Customer information


Customer segments can be either profile based or behavior-based. Behavior-based segments are based on what users have searched for current and previous visits or purchase behavior. Profile-based segments are based on what kind of customer they are to the business, for example, VIP, infrequent visitors, first-time visitors. This segmentation allows businesses to upsell, cross-sell and incentivize to buy again.

4. Site engagement duration or times

Examples of this are browsing time or number of pages viewed. In some circumstances, it may be best to deliver personalization to visitors who have engaged with the site for a certain length of time. Audience behavior can also vary based on the day of week or time of day, so audiences visiting at different times can be targeted differently.

5. Content (products) viewed


This is the most common segmentation technique used in retail personalization, based on product categories or individual products viewed. Related products of a similar style can be shown. Given a large number of products (SKUs) many retailers hold, some form of automation rather than a rules-based system is required here.

6. Landing page

This is a slightly different form of content-based segmentation based on where the visitor first arrived on the site, which suggests their initial intent.

7. Event or interaction

Common interactions on an e-commerce site are people who click on add to basket, cart or interact with product information. These can be selectors for product variants such as color or size or reviews. The value in the cart can also be referenced.

8. Platform and device

As with analytics, a personalization system will usually be able to recognize browser, screen resolution, and device type (smartphone, tablet or larger screen formats). Not only will e-commerce personalization allow up to set up campaigns targeting mobile phone users to test against desktop campaigns, but AI-based systems may learn useful personalization rules, e.g. visitors on Apple iOS or desktop platforms prefer higher-value products. Multi-device tracking is a requirement, including mobile apps where relevant.

9. Location


This includes parameters such as country, region or city, weather and season.

10. Third-party data sources

Using email addresses, names, and other identifiers, you may be able to enrich customer data about demographics using data from external resources.

11. Favorites & Likes

Based on previous purchases, segment your customers based on their likes and what their tagged favorites are. This can be done at brand, category and at the product level.

12. Average Order Value

If a customer’s purchases have exceeded a certain value, then you can cross-sell in other products of similar value which may be of interest to either warrant a discount offer.

13. Current cart profile


If a visitor has put products into their cart, you can promote products that have similar product profiles whether that be the color, material, theme, or sizing. The profile attributes you can match are endless.

14. Account type

This is more relevant for B2B customers. This can be segmenting customers based on their pricing tier or the product range that they have made available to them.


Segmentation shows approaches to grouping prospects and customers to deliver more relevant communications and offers. The result is to give better response rates to these communications.


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